There are non-chemical treatments that are safe and effective in reducing bed bug numbers prior to insecticide treatment. Regular inspections of mattresses and other harbourage areas are essential. If bed linen is infested, wash the affected articles in hot water and then tumble dry on high for at least 40 minutes. A steam iron may also be used on the seams of mattresses or other items where there is stitching or folds in material. The use of high temperature low vapour steam on other areas of harbourage should also be considered. Remember do not move any infested items into another room. Bed bugs are clumsy and if infested items are taken out of a room, the bugs can fall off and spread the infestation. It is always advisable to treat such items before disposal and these should be wrapped in plastic before removal from the room.
Thorough vacuuming of carpet edges, skirting boards and all cracks and crevices using a vacuum cleaner with a disposable dust bag is important for removing bed bugs and their eggs. Seal the dust bag in plastic and dispose in your council rubbish bin.
Remember don’t be deceived by their name bed bugs are not limited to your bedroom so make sure to give your entire home the once over.
Disposal of infested objects to landfill is an option, where other methods have not been effective. However it is important to wrap the object first so as not to spread the infestation during transport.
Remember these non-chemical treatment procedures will only work reliably when combined with a professional chemical treatment.